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Area Forecast Discussion (AFD)

Issued by Kansas City/Pleasant Hill, MO (EAX)

FXUS63 KEAX 202031

National Weather Service Kansas City/Pleasant Hill MO
331 PM CDT Fri Sep 20 2019

Issued at 331 PM CDT FRI SEP 20 2019

The main concerns through the forecast period will be the potential 
for heavy rain and flooding as well as the potential for severe 
storms Saturday night through Sunday. This afternoon moisture from 
the remnants of Imelda are streaming into the southern CWA bringing 
light showers to the area. These showers should subside this 
evening. However, late tonight a low level jet will become focused 
over the area as a lead mid-level shortwave ejects out ahead of the 
main upper level trough which will be over the western High Plains. 
This will allow scattered showers and thunderstorms to develop over 
the area generally after midnight. The low level jet become more 
diffuse as we move into the day on Saturday however, it continues to 
nose into the area with continued lead mid-level shortwave moving 
through the region. This should continue scattered thunderstorm 
activity through the day on Saturday. As we move into Saturday 
evening the aforementioned upper level trough over the northern High 
Plains will move into the northern Plains forcing a cold front into 
the area. Storms with heavy rain will be possible out ahead of this 
front Saturday evening across northwestern Missouri and northeastern 
Kansas. This will be our window for severe weather on Saturday 
evening also it will be conditional on how scattered the storm 
activity is during the day on Saturday. The main threat will be for 
isolated damaging winds. 

The bigger threat will come Saturday night into Sunday in the form 
of flash and river flooding. This will occur as the front becomes 
stationary across the CWA and a nocturnal LLJ develops Saturday 
night. This will lead to several rounds of heavy rainfall. PWATs at 
this time will be between 2.00-2.25" which is 200 to 250 percent of 
normal for this time of year. Sunday the front will sag slowly south 
by heavy rainfall will continue until the upper level trough finally 
pushes through the Upper Midwest Sunday evening and force the cold 
front south of the CWA. Models are consistent in painting widespread 
2 to 4 inches of precipitation across the CWA with a possible band 
of higher amounts somewhere between Interstate 70 and Highway 36. As 
such, a flash flood watch is in place for the entire CWA from 
Saturday night into Sunday night.  

Conditions are expected to finally dry out Sunday night into Monday 
as high pressure builds into the region with more early Fall like 
temperatures expected Monday and Tuesday. By Tuesday afternoon, the 
upper level flow becomes more quasi-zonal with several shortwaves 
continuing precipitation chances through Thursday with the best 
chance occurring on Friday as a strong upper level trough moves 
through the region forcing a cold front through the area.


.Aviation...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Saturday Afternoon)
Issued at 1226 PM CDT FRI SEP 20 2019

Stratocu field drifting north should arrive at the TAF sites from
18Z-20Z with cigs around 3-4kft. MVFR cigs btn 2-3kft are 
expected to build into the terminals this evening around 01Z and 
become low MVFR aft 03Z and will persist thru the remainder of the
TAF. There is the potential for IFR cigs per the NAM and upstream
obs however, believe that may be a bit pessimistic at this time. 
Otrw...there will be the chc for scattered storms overnight into 
tomorrow morning. Best chc for storms at the terminal at this time
looks to be btn 11Z-14Z so have a TEMPO for -tsra reducing vsbys 
to 5SM at that time. Winds will be out of the south btn 10-15kts
thru the TAF pd with gusts 20-25kts aft 07Z.


KS...Flash Flood Watch from Saturday evening through Sunday evening 
     for KSZ025-057-060-102>105.

MO...Flash Flood Watch from Saturday evening through Sunday evening 
     for MOZ001>008-011>017-020>025-028>033-037>040-043>046-053-